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Speed, simplicity needed to facilitate access to COVID-19 vaccines globally: UNICEF executive director

Wednesday, April 07, 2021, 22:59 GMT+7
Speed, simplicity needed to facilitate access to COVID-19 vaccines globally: UNICEF executive director
Vials labelled "COVID-19 Coronavirus Vaccine" are placed on dry ice in this illustration taken, December 4, 2020. Photo: Reuters

“In a little over a year, the world’s scientists, businesses, governments, philanthropists, and multilateral institutions rallied and did the unthinkable: they created vaccines to fight a virus that had brought the world to a standstill,” UNICEF executive director Henrietta Fore said in a statement on Wednesday.

They tested, transported, and began to administer those vaccines safely and in record time, Fore said, adding this is nothing short of astound ding.

“But the fight is not yet over,” she said.

“Variants are emerging all over the world, and with each, the risk of a massive global setback.”

At the current rate, there is simply not enough vaccine supply to meet demand while the supply available is concentrated in the hands of too few.

Some countries have contracted enough doses to vaccinate their populations several times, whereas other countries have yet to receive even their first dose.

“This threatens us all,” Fore warned.

“The virus and its mutations will win.”

In order to get ahead of the virus, and to shift gears, everyone must build on a strategy of vaccinating frontline workers but drive toward a strategy that truly enables equitable access for all.

“We urge governments, businesses, and partners to take three urgent actions,” she underlined.

“First, simplify Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) through voluntary and proactive licensing by IPR holders.

“But this alone won’t increase production.

“Unlike drug manufacture, vaccine production involves a complex manufacturing process with multiple components and steps.

“IPR holders would need to provide technology partnerships to accompany IP licenses, proactively share know-how and sub-contract to manufacturers without undue geographic or volume restrictions.

“This challenge requires not forced IP waivers but proactive partnership and cooperation.

“Recent manufacturing partnerships such as Pfizer-BioNtech, AZ-SII, J&J- Merck, and J&J-Aspen are encouraging examples.

“UNICEF urges others to follow suit, to increase the scale and geographic diversity of manufacturing capacity.

While markets alone cannot guarantee innovation benefits all, voluntary licensing, pooled funds, and multilateral mechanisms such as COVAX are an effective and realistic way for product developers and manufacturers to collaborate, innovate, and encourage equitable access, the executive director noted.

“Second, we need to end vaccine nationalism,” according to Fore.

“Governments should remove direct and indirect export and import control measures that block, restrict or slow down exports of COVID-19 vaccines, ingredients, and supplies.

“Viruses respect no borders.

“Defeating COVID-19 in each of our home countries also means defeating it around the world by ensuring a steady flow of vaccines and supplies to all.

Finally, governments that have contracted to receive more ‘future doses’ than required to vaccinate their entire adult populations this year should immediately loan, release or donate most or all excess contracted doses for 2021 to COVAX, so they can be allocated equitably among other countries, the UNICEF executive advised.

“In addition, countries with a sufficient, current supply of manufactured doses should consider donating at least five percent of their available manufactured doses right away, and commit to making further contributions on a continued, rolling basis throughout the year, scaling up their contributions in line with rising supply,” she said.

“Confirming these dose-sharing commitments now will enhance predictability, accelerate equitable access, and help stabilize the global vaccine market.”

The COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear that no one is safe until everyone is safe.

But equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines is within everyone’s grasp.

“We have proven that the world can rally to do the unthinkable, and we need to do it again,” Fore emphasized.

“The sooner we do, the sooner our lives, and the lives of our children, will go back to normal.”

Tuoi Tre News

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