Vietnam has reached the millennium development goals (MDGs) set by the United Nations, including those related to poverty reduction, and is working hard to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs), the Vietnamese legislature’s leader has said. National Assembly Chairman Nguyen Sinh Hung made the statement while co-chairing a panel discussion within the framework of the fourth World Conference of Speakers of Parliament in New York on September 2 (Vietnam time), according to the Vietnam News Agency. The discussion was centered on “Mainstreaming the SDGs in the Budget and Legislative Process, Overcoming Silos, Monitoring National and Global Progress through Parliaments.” The Southeast Asian country is restructuring its agriculture, building new-style rural areas, and facilitating the economic development of ethnic minorities, the top Vietnamese legislator said. He added that Vietnam is also addressing issues of gender equality, income gaps, and social safety and order. Chairman Hung emphasized that realizing the SDGs is the responsibility of the entire parliament, each parliamentarian and the political system of each nation. Vietnam, which is one of the countries most affected by climate change, is exerting every effort to adapt to the phenomenon while hoping to receive support from the international community, the Vietnamese parliamentarian said.
The politician told the conference attendees that the Vietnamese legislature plays an important role in distributing the national coffers and resources. He also urged all parliaments to accelerate the dissemination of information on the SDGs to their people and set forth specific criteria for their realization. At its Millennium Summit in September 2000, the United Nations adopted eight MDGs, including: Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty; Achieve Universal Primary Education; Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women, Reduce Child Mortality; Improve Maternal Health, Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases; Ensure Environmental Sustainability; and Develop a Global Partnership for Development. The SDGs are a new, universal set of goals, targets and indicators expected to be used by UN member states to frame their agendas and political policies over the next 15 years, the Guardian reported. The SDGs follow, and expand on, the MDGs, which were agreed by governments in 2000, and are due to expire at the end of this year, according to the Guardian.