The country’s population is aging rapidly, with the number of people under 15 decreasing while the number of people over 65 is increasing, according to the latest report of the General Office for Population and Family Planning. The population of Vietnam amounted to 88,526,883 people as of April 1, 2012, up more than 915,000 people from a year earlier, the Office said. The population density reached 267 people per km2, among the highest rates in the region and the world. In Southeast Asia, Vietnam is only behind the Philippines and Singapore in terms of population density.
The urban population was 28.5 million, accounting for 32.3 percent of the total number, and the male population was 43.7 million, representing 49.5 percent of the population, while the female population was 44.8 million, 50.5 percent of the population..
As the birth rate is falling while the average life span is growing longer, the country’s population is aging. Specifically, the rate of population younger 15 years old was 33.1 percent in 1999, but the rate fell to 23.9 percent in 2012. Meanwhile, the number of people above 65 accounted for only 5.8 percent of the population in 1999, but the rate increased to 7.1 percent as of April 2012 Based on such figures, Vietnam’s aging index soared from 24.3 percent in 1999 to 42.7 percent in 2012 -- a relatively fast increase rate over the past two decades, the Office said. The literacy rate for people over the age of 15 was 94.7 percent. Gender imbalance As of April 2012, about 4 percent of the country’s population over the age of 5 did not go to school. In this group, females outnumbered males. Regarding marriage, the rate of single men was 7 percent higher than the rate of unmarried women. The rate of people using contraceptive measures was 66 percent, but it was surprising that the rate of people using modern contraceptive measures in rural areas was 3-5 percent higher than the rate in urban areas. The overall rate of women between the ages of 15 and 49 who had a third child was 14.2 percent, although this situation has reduced sharply in rural areas. As of April 1, 2012 the ratio of male to female babies at birth was 112.3 to 100, which means the country is suffering a serious gender imbalance. Out of the population, 25.8 percent has graduated from primary school, 26.7 percent have a junior high school education, and 22.8 percent have a senior high school education upwards.