Vietnam has the second-highest rate of women’s labor force participation in the world, behind only Cambodia, according to a recent report by the Vietnam Center for Development and Integration (CDI).
Seventy-two percent of Vietnamese women participate in the labor force, compared to Cambodia’s 81 percent, according the report.
The global rate of women’s workforce participation is 49 percent, while 59 percent of women in countries in the East Asia – Pacific region partake in their respective country’s labor force on average.
Established in 2005, CDI is a non-governmental organization (NGO) that promotes protection of vulnerable people in Vietnam’s society.
CDI’s report used data from surveys and studies conducted by M.net, an independent network that works for the rights of migrant workers.
Women account for 48.4 percent of the country’s total labor force, though unfair working conditions and unequal pay remain unsolved problems, the report pointed out.
There are 7.8 million Vietnamese women working in the informal sector, 59.6 percent of whom do dangerous or hazardous jobs.
Only 26 percent of executive positions at companies in Vietnam are held by women. In comparison, females make up 52 percent and 66.6 percent of labor in simple and household-run businesses, respectively.
Vietnamese women get nearly 11 percent less pay than their male co-workers for the same requirements and job description, according to the report.