More and more people in Vietnam have favored imported fruits over domestic ones due to the assumption that foreign products are better in terms of quality and safety.
Statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development showed that Vietnam spent US$659 million importing vegetables and fruit in January-July, up over 50 percent year-on-year.
At Thi Nghe and Ba Chieu Markets in Binh Thanh District, Ho Chi Minh City, a wide variety of imported fruits is on sale to Vietnamese consumers.
Apples from Thailand are sold at VND55,000 ($2.43) to VND70,000 ($3) per kilogram, while Thai mangosteens are offered at VND75,000 ($3.3) a kilogram.
Nguyet Anh, a local resident, said she often purchases apples, pears, kiwi fruit, and grapes sourced from foreign countries, explaining that domestic fruits could contain harmful preservatives.
At Binh Dien Market in District 8, about 220 metric tons of fruit is brought to the venue on a daily basis, most of which are imported products, a manager said, adding that the majority of these fruits are shipped from China and Thailand.
Some 30 percent of the fruits sold at a wholesale market in Thu Duc District are also imported from other countries.
According to an official of a Vietnamese supermarket chain, many types of fruit offered at their supermarkets come from South Korea, Thailand, and Australia.
“Despite high cost, the products are still favored by local consumers. Cherry selling at VND500,000 [$22] per kilo can be out of stock in just a short time” the representative said.
|Vietnamese farmers harvest pineapples. Photo: Tuoi Tre|
It is understandable that temperate fruits such as apples, grapes, and pears, which are not favorably grown in Vietnam, are imported into the country, said Le Xuan Hoang, director of Vuon Xanh, an agricultural cooperative in the southern province of Dong Nai.
However, several types of tropical fruit that are widely sold in the country have recently entered the local market, Hoang added.
Products including mango, rambutan, mangosteen, and durian from Thailand have posed threats to their Vietnamese counterparts, Dung Dong Quy, owner of Quy Dong Farm in southern Binh Phuoc Province, stated.
According to local insiders, Thailand has prevailed against its Vietnamese rivals in its capacity to breed new fruits with high quality.
The tax reduction for agricultural products within Southeast Asia has also provided an advantage for Thai fruit.
Imported fruits have created lucrative business opportunities for local sellers in the past two years, a director of a Vietnamese company said.
These fruits tend to fetch higher prices due to transportation fees, tariffs, and preservation costs, he elaborated.
Given the fierce competition, some businesses lower their prices to attract more buyers, the expert said, adding that the quality of these affordable foreign fruits is not guaranteed.