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Vietnam faces gender inequality as consequence of gender-biased sex selection

Thursday, November 19, 2020, 18:04 GMT+7
Vietnam faces gender inequality as consequence of gender-biased sex selection
There are about 1.2 million to 1.5 million missing female births annually worldwide due to gender-biased sex selection, of which 40,800 are in Vietnam, according to the UNFPA’s the State of the World Population 2020 report. Photo: Tuoi Tre

Vietnam is on the verge of gender inequality as a result of gender-biased sex selection since many families in the country still favor boys over girls, resulting in more than 40,000 baby girls unborn every year.

Sex selection of fetuses on the basis of gender inequality has existed in Asia for decades, according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

The manifestation of gender-biased sex selection can be directly measured through the sex ratio at birth.

The unbalanced sex ratio at birth was first identified in Vietnam in 2004, and since 2005, it has rapidly increased and reached 111.5 male births for every 100 female births in 2019 as indicated in the 2019 population and housing census, against the biologically 'natural' or 'normal' sex ratios between 105 and 106, the UNFPA said in a press release on Tuesday.

The ratio is the third highest in the world, only after those of China and India, according to the UNFPA.

According to the UNFPA’s the State of the World Population 2020 report, there are about 1.2 million to 1.5 million missing female births annually worldwide due to gender-biased sex selection, of which 666,300 are in China, 461,500 in India, and 40,800 in Vietnam.

Evidence shows that this demographic imbalance is a result of prenatal sex selection, which is the termination of pregnancy when the fetus is determined to be female.

It means that 40,800 girls are not born every year in Vietnam because they were found to be a girl.

Naomi Kitahara, UNFPA representative in Vietnam, said at a press conference in Hanoi on Wednesday that the UN agency attached importance to the goal of achieving gender equality and empowering women and girls in all circumstances, including in crisis and humanitarian situations, out of its 17 development goals in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

“The 2030 Agenda has pledged to leave no one behind," Kitahara said.

This means that in our development efforts, girls must be a priority.

“The world, including Vietnam, should ensure that all the opportunities are granted to girls as they mature into adulthood.

"The culture of ‘boy preference’ has to be changed, where an equal valuing of girls is something that we must instill in all the contexts because 'Girls deserve to shine'."

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